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Debian Iptables 配置教程

Debian默认已经安装iptables,查看规则iptables -L默认允许所有出入,这是非常不安全的,因此需要对规则进行调整。

编辑配置文件:

/etc/iptables.test.rules

添加下面的规则,请根据实际情况调整:

*filter

# Allows all loopback (lo0) traffic and drop all traffic to 127/8 that doesn't use lo0
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT ! -i lo -d 127.0.0.0/8 -j REJECT

# Accepts all established inbound connections
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

# Allows all outbound traffic
# You could modify this to only allow certain traffic
-A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT

# Allows HTTP and HTTPS connections from anywhere (the normal ports for websites)
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

# Allows SSH connections 
# The --dport number is the same as in /etc/ssh/sshd_config
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

# Now you should read up on iptables rules and consider whether ssh access 
# for everyone is really desired. Most likely you will only allow access from certain IPs.

# Allow ping
#  note that blocking other types of icmp packets is considered a bad idea by some
#  remove -m icmp --icmp-type 8 from this line to allow all kinds of icmp:
#  https://security.stackexchange.com/questions/22711
-A INPUT -p icmp -m icmp --icmp-type 8 -j ACCEPT

# log iptables denied calls (access via 'dmesg' command)
-A INPUT -m limit --limit 5/min -j LOG --log-prefix "iptables denied: " --log-level 7

# Reject all other inbound - default deny unless explicitly allowed policy:
-A INPUT -j REJECT
-A FORWARD -j REJECT

COMMIT

 


激活规则:

iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.test.rules

保存规则到主配置文件:

iptables-save > /etc/iptables.up.rules

开机自动加载规则

#编辑配置
/etc/network/if-pre-up.d/iptables

添加如下内容

#!/bin/sh
/sbin/iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.up.rules

添加执行权限

chmod +x /etc/network/if-pre-up.d/iptables

OK,一切皆已搞定,感觉比CentOS的iptables要麻烦一点。

 

允许某段IP访问本机的所有类型的所有端口

sudo iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.2.0/24 -p all -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -I INPUT -s 192.168.0.0/16 -p all -j ACCEPT

查看iptables规则,以数字形式

sudo iptables -L -n

查看iptables规则的序号,用于删除规则参考

sudo iptables -L -n --line-numbers

清除单条iptables规则

sudo iptables -D INPUT(链) 3(规则对应的序号)

允许已经建立的连接发送和接收数据,以免设置链为DROP时远程ssh断开

sudo iptables -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

允许本机127.0.0.1访问自身所有端口

sudo iptables -I INPUT -s 127.0.0.1 -p all -j ACCEPT

 

原创文章,作者:admin,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.huiyingwu.com/3877/

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